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The coalition government has been warned by MPs not to weaken its commitment to eliminate fuel poverty.

PSE Team

This annotated questionnaire gives the top level results for all the questions for Northern Ireland only.

Mike Tomlinson

Just under a half of all adults in Northern Ireland experienced either the death or injury of someone they knew personally during the Troubles. Those with such experiences are more likely to have poor physical and mental health, to be unemployed and have higher levels of deprivation. Read the latest PSE Key finding.

Deprived areas across England and Scotland are seeing larger cuts to local authority budgets – of around £100 per head – than in more affluent ones, according to a new report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Almost three-quarters of those workers who were on low pay in 2002 failed to escape from it over the course of the following decade, reveals a new study from the Resolution Foundation think tank.

As many as 19.6 per cent more people in England and Wales died during the winter months in 2012-13 compared with the non-winter months – up from 15.5 per cent in 2011-12 – according to new figures released by the Office for National Statistics.

There is a strong anti-poverty consensus among all local organisations in Glasgow (Scotland), according to a paper from a European Union-funded research programme.

Nick Bailey

Would an independent Scotland choose a significantly different social settlement with a more generous social minimum than the rest of the UK? Drawing on the PSE UK findings into attitudes to necessities, Nick Bailey investigates.

Mike Tomlinson

The Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey 2012 included questions, first asked in 2002/3, designed to capture the impact of the ‘Troubles’ on people’s lives. In this paper for the Knowledge Exchange Seminar Series, Mike Tomlinson presents the initial analysis of these findings.

Maria Gannon and Nick Bailey

Do views in Scotland on the necessities differ from those in the rest of the UK? Is reasonable to have a single poverty standard for the whole of the UK or should Scotland have a separate standard. In this this research analysis working paper, Maria Gannon and Nick Bailey examine the PSE UK findings.

Mike Tomlinson

The Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey 2012 included questions, first asked in 2002/3, designed to capture the impact of the ‘Troubles’ on people’s lives.

Plans for a new law to cap the cost of payday loans have been announced by the coalition government. The exact level of the cap has not yet been announced: it will be decided by the new industry regulator, the Financial Conduct Authority.

Lyndsey Burton

There’s a story that we tell ourselves about poverty and digital exclusion: the poorest people are digitally excluded; digital exclusion perpetuates poverty: therefore, getting people online will help lift them out of poverty. Lyndsey Burton assesses the evidence.

Official figures for the level of benefits received by households have been revealed as a result of a freedom of information request.

Social protection spending in the European Union fell between 2009 and 2011 – from 29.7 per cent of GDP overall to 29.1 per cent, according to data from Eurostat, the EU statistical office.

Scotland’s top one per cent of income earners – about 25,000 people – have increased their wages and total income at a greater rate than the rest of the nation’s workers in the past decade, according to a new report by a team at Stirling University.

Campaign groups in Scotland have launched a manifesto outlining the need for genuine reform of the social security system. The key demands in the four-page manifesto, endorsed by more than 40 organisations from across Scotland, are set out below. 

Families with a traditional ‘breadwinner’ model – where one parent (usually the father) goes out to work while the other stays at home to care for children – are now the largest group of households with children living in poverty, according to research from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Utility bills for consumers are set to rise over the next ten years as a result of large-scale infrastructure spending, according to a new report from the National Audit Office.

Pauline Heslop
This working paper explores the existing UK literature about disabled people’s relationship with poverty. It begins with an overview of methodological complexities in relation to measuring ‘disability’ and measuring poverty in relation to disabled people.

Inherited wealth has started to increase as a percentage of national income since the 1970s, reversing the long-term decline going back at least as far as the nineteenth century, according to a new paper from the LSE's Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion.

Public attitudes towards the 'bedroom tax' are highly mixed, according to a government-commissioned survey. The survey finds support for the measure in principle, but also reveals varied responses depending on the framing of the questions.

Children as young as six feel that money is among the most important things needed to fulfil their aspirations in life, according to a survey carried out for the children's rights watchdog for England.

Many people will struggle to deal with the changes required of them under the new universal credit system without extra support, according to the findings of a survey carried out by the Citizens Advice charity.

There has been a sharp rise in the number of people suffering benefit sanctions under new, harsher rules introduced by the coalition government, according to the latest statistics.

Some of the lowest-paid workers could get pay rises under plans drawn up by Labour leader Ed Miliband. If the party wins the next election, Miliband says Labour will offer firms a 12-month tax break in 2016 if they agree to pay the 'living wage'.

Three lone mothers and their children have lost a legal challenge to the coalition government's household benefit cap. Judges in the High Court ruled that regulations brought in by Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith are lawful and do not breach human rights under European law.

The number of people paid less than a 'living wage' has jumped by more than 400,000 in a year to over 5.2 million, says a report for the international tax and auditing firm KPMG.

Over a million people admit they plan to use payday loans to cover the cost of Christmas spending this year, according to a new survey from the Money Advice Service.

The research was carried out among 2,000 United Kingdom adults by One Poll in October 2013.

Many young families cut back on fresh fruit and vegetables and switched to less healthy processed food as the recession squeezed household budgets, a study from the Institute for Fiscal Studies has revealed.

Over half of all children in the UK who report being in poor households are living in homes that are too cold, and a quarter live in damp or mould-ridden conditions, the Children’s Society charity has revealed.

Members of the Scottish Parliament have launched an investigation into why 160,000 children in Scotland continue to live in poverty. The investigation is being conducted by the Health and Sport Committee, and the results will feed into a wider examination of health inequalities.

As many as 320,000 people have been trapped on the lowest rung of the pay ladder for five years or more, it has been revealed in a new report from the Resolution Foundation think tank.

The ‘bank of mum and dad’ is a crucial source of welfare for people on low incomes, and those not able to access it are at greater risk of isolation and poverty, according to a new report from the Social Market Foundation think tank.

Benefits sanctions are having a severe impact on the mental and physical health of many claimants, according to the findings of a survey carried by the Manchester Citizens Advice Bureau.

Fiona, 48, and David, 51, live in a small village near Perth in Scotland. Due to their disabilities, they have both been unable to work for many years and have mounted up debts.

Paul Allin and John Veit-Wilson

At their annual conference in September, the Royal Statistical Society organised a session on the government’s consultation on child poverty. With the next announcement on consultation now expected before Christmas, Paul Allin and John Veit-Wilson summarise the presentations and discussion.

The highly unequal distribution of personal wealth is put under the spotlight in a new report from an independent Commission.

The coalition government's benefit cap will struggle to meet its aims of encouraging people into work and saving taxpayers' money, suggests an early report from the Chartered Institute of Housing.

More than four out of ten social housing tenants know very little or nothing about the coalition government's controversial 'bedroom tax' policy or how it will affect them, according to a survey carried out for Viridian housing association in London and the south east.

Strong evidence has been found of a causal relationship between household financial resources and children's outcomes.

Joanna Mack, Stewart Lansley, Shailen Nandy and Christina Pantazis

This PSE UK analysis working paper asks whether minimum standards have become less generous than in the past and if so why. It examines which items and activities in the 2012 PSE attitudes to necessities survey are considered by a majority of people to be necessary for an acceptable standard of living in the UK today

PSE UK team

The top level results from the PSE UK living standards survey can be found on the annotated PSE UK living standards questionnaire. This provides details on a wide range of topics such as fuel poverty and debt. For example, 6% of households have fallen behind with some or many of their bills and a further 12% have a constant struggle to keep up.

In this questionnaire, respondents are asked to say which of a range of items and activities they feel are necessities and which might be desirable but are not necessary. Items and activities for adults and, separately, those for children are covered.

The PSE Northern Ireland (PSENI) survey used the same refinements of the consensual method of measuring poverty used in the PSE Britain 1999 by carrying out further statistical analysis on the group below the threshold to exclude those who, though deprived, had higher levels of income.

Jonathan Bradshaw, David Gordon et al

The PSE 1999 survey provided a comprehensive set of question on deprivation and social exclusion, including a necessities module as to which items and activities respondents had, did not have but did not want and did not have because they could not afford it.

Joanna Mack, Stewart Lansley and Brain Gosschalk

The 1990 Breadline Britain questionnaire asks people which of a list of 44 items and actiivities they considered to be necessities for living in Britain in 1990 and which items and activities they had, which items they did not have because they couldn’t

Joanna Mack, Stewart Lansley and Brain Gosschalk

The 1983 Breadline Britain survey pioneered the use of socially perceived necessities asking which of a list of 33 items the respondents thought were necessary and which all people should be able to afford and should not have to do without.

The legally binding goal of ending child poverty by 2020 is likely to be missed by a considerable margin, according to the government-appointed Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission in its first 'state of the nation' annual report.

Britain's largest food bank network has called on the coalition government to launch an official inquiry into the causes of food poverty, after releasing statistics showing that food bank use has tripled in the space of a year.

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