What's in this section?
The consensual approach to measuring poverty orginated in UK and has subsequently been widely used across Europe. In particular, it has led to the development of the deprivation indicators used as the official measure of deprivation poverty in the EU. For detaills of this research in the UK see PSE UK and for details of the EU deprivation indicators see European Union. Details of research in Ireland, Finland and Sweden can be found in the left hand menu. Research in other European countries will be added shortly.
Attitudes to necessities in European Union countries
In 2007 the EU conducted a survey into attitudes to necessities to explore whether the concept of socially perceived necessities (see consensual method) could be utilised across the member states. This 2007 survey enabled direct comparisons on people's attitudes to what items and activities count as necessities to be made across a wide range of countries with different cultural backgrounds and different levels of economic development and is therefore a comprehensive test of the idea of socially perceived necessities. It found considerable agreement across member states, despite the cultural and economic differences, and since 2009, the EU-SILC surveys have used a set of indicators of material deprivation, based on this commonly agreed list of necessities. In European Union, you can find details on a country by country basis of people's attitudes to necessities in the different member states.