Odds Ratios for those who cannot afford a necessity by Poor Health and Perceptions of Poverty

Item/ActivityBad HealthLong Term IllnessPoor all the timeIncome a lot below poverty lineStandard of living is below average
Meat, fish or vegetarian equivalent every other day7.53.21510.213.9
Attending weddings, funerals and other such occasions7.
Fresh fruit and vegetables every day6.83.612.611.310.5
Two pairs of all-weather shoes6.
Heating to keep home adequately warm6.43.4118.810.7
Two meals a day5.63.12012.612.5
Curtains or window blinds5.
A table, with chairs, at which all the family can eat5.
A warm waterproof coat5.32.7117.66.9
Celebrations on special occasions such as Christmas (adult)5.2412.17.49.9
Appropriate clothes to wear for job interviews5.
Washing machine5.
Household contents insurance52.57.17.66
Enough money to replace or repair broken electrical goods such as refrigerator or washing machine4.72.314.711.711.2
Visiting friends or family in hospital or other institutions4.
A hobby or leisure activity4.3275.46.4
Telephone at home (landline or mobile)43.810.29.68
Enough money to keep your home in a decent state of decoration3.
Regular savings (of at least £20/month) for rainy days3.51.911.19.99.3
Regular payments into an occupational or private pension2.
Taking part in sport/exercise activities or classes2.
Damp-free home2.
All recommended dental work/treatment2.
Three meals a day (child)2121-
Books at home suitable for their ages (child)17.876.811
Some new, not second-hand clothes (child)10.8810.3
A warm winter coat (child)8.214.821.1
Fresh fruit or vegetables at least once a day (child)7.78.613.2
New, properly fitting shoes (child)6.812.69.1
Meat, fish or vegetarian equivalent at least once a day (child)6.49.410.4
Celebrations on special occasions (child)
Day trips with family once a month (child)
A holiday away from home at least one week a year (child)
A garden or outfoor space nearby where they can play safely (child)
Childrens clubs or activities (child)
Outdoor leisure equipment (child)4.665.4
Going on a school trip at least once a term (child)
A hobby or leisure activity (child)
At least four pairs of trousers, leggings, jeans or jogging bottoms (child)
Money to save (child)
Construction toys such as Duplo/Lego etc (child)
Pocket money (child)
Computer and internet for homework (child)
Toddler group, nursery, or play group at least once a week for pre-school aged children (child)
A suitable place at home to study or do homework (child)
Indoor games suitable for their ages (child)
Enough bedrooms for every child of 10 or over of a different sex to have their own bedroom (child)

*not all the indicators for this item are significant at the 5% level.

The indicators are defined as follows:

•    Bad Health – this is answering ‘Very Bad’ or ‘Bad’ to the question on how is your general health.
•    Long Term Illness – this is yes to the question on having physical or mental health conditions or illnesses lasting or expected to last for 12 months or more.
•    Poor all the time – this is answering ‘all the time’ to the question on are you genuinely poor now
•    Income a lot below poverty line – this is rating their household income as being a ‘lot below’ the level of income they think is necessary to keep a household such as the one they live in, out of poverty.
•    Standard of living below average – this is rating their standard of living as ‘Well Below’ or ‘Below’ average.

See the PSE UK 2012 living standards questionnaire, p38 and p50-1.

Source: PSE UK 2012