A presentation on poverty measurement in Japan was made by Aya Abe, National Institute of Population and Social Security Research (NIPSSR), at the Second Peter Townsend Memorial Conference, Measuring Poverty: The State of the Art, in 2011.

This presentation reports the findings of a 2003 survey (sample 1,350) that asked respondents which of a list of 28 items covering various aspects of life (both material and social) they thought were ‘necessary’ to live normally in Japan.

Further details can be found in Social exclusion and earlier disadvantages: an empirical study of poverty and social exclusion in Japan. In this paper Abe Aya provides one of the first attempts in Japan to define and measure poverty and social exclusion in that country.